A Long-Term Perspective on Market Downturns

Reviewing the longest timeline of market downturns reveals an important perspective. Volatility may be hard to predict, but the patterns are familiar. The chart below displays the widest perspective of downturns over time.

S&P 500 Cumulative Returns (%)

1 Monthly returns are shown for S&P 500® Index, except for the COVID-19 Crisis, which is daily.

1.7 yrs

Source: FactSet and NBER. As of June 30, 2022. S&P 500® (gross dividends reinvested) in USD. Bear markets represented peak-to-trough price declines of 20% or more in the S&P 500® Index. Bull markets reflect all other periods. Monthly returns are shown for S&P 500® Index, except for the COVID-19 Crisis, which is daily. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investing involves risk, including possible loss of principal. Diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss in declining markets.

Investments in debt securities are subject to credit and interest rate risk. An increase in interest rates typically causes the value of bonds and other fixed income securities to fall.

Investments in international securities are subject to certain risks of overseas investing including currency fluctuations and changes in political and economic conditions, which could result in significant market fluctuations. These risks are magnified in emerging markets.

Investments in small-capitalization companies are subject to greater price volatility, lower trading volume and less liquidity than investing in larger, more established companies.

Real estate investments are subject to factors such as changing general and local economic, financial, competitive and environmental conditions.

Alternative investments are speculative, subject to high return volatility and involve a high degree of risk including, but not limited to, the risks associated with leverage, derivative instruments such as options and futures, distressed securities, may be illiquid on a long term basis and short sales. There can be no assurance that these types of strategies will achieve their objectives or avoid substantial losses. Alternative investments may also be subject to significant fees and expenses.

Investments in emerging markets are subject to risks such as erratic earnings patterns, economic and political instability, changing exchange controls, limitations on repatriation of foreign capital and changes in local governmental attitudes toward private investment, possibly leading to nationalization or confiscation of investor assets.

Market Risk—Market prices of investments held by the Fund may fall rapidly or unpredictably due to a variety of economic or political factors, market conditions, disasters or public health issues, or in response to events that affect particular industries or companies.

AMG Distributors, Inc., a member of FINRA/SIPC.

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